The following adverse reactions are described, or described in greater detail, in other sections:
- Anaphylaxis/hypersensitivity reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Eosinophilic pneumonia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Peripheral neuropathy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Increased International Normalized Ratio (INR)/prolonged prothrombin time [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions]
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Clinical Trials Experience Clinical trials enrolled 1,864 patients treated with CUBICIN and 1,416 treated with comparator. Complicated Skin And Skin Structure Infection Trials In Phase 3 complicated skin and skin structure infection (cSSSI) trials, CUBICIN was discontinued in 15/534 (2.8%) patients due to an adverse reaction, while comparator was discontinued in 17/558 (3.0%) patients. The rates of the most common adverse reactions, organized by body system, observed in cSSSI (4 mg/kg CUBICIN) patients are displayed in Table 4. Table 4: Incidence of Adverse Reactions that Occurred in ≥ 2% of Patients in the CUBICIN Treatment Group and ≥ the Comparator Treatment Group in Phase 3 cSSSI Trials
Adverse Reaction Patients (%) CUBICIN 4 mg/kg
(N=558) Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhea 5.2 4.3 Nervous system disorders Headache 5.4 5.4 Dizziness 2.2 2 Skin/subcutaneous disorders Rash 4.3 3.8 Diagnostic investigations Abnormal liver function tests 3 1.6 Elevated CPK 2.8 1.8 Infections Urinary tract infections 2.4 0.5 Vascular disorders Hypotension 2.4 1.4 Respiratory disorders Dyspnea 2.1 1.6 * Comparator: vancomycin (1 g IV q12h) or an anti-staphylococcal semi-synthetic penicillin (i.e., nafcillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin, or flucloxacillin; 4 to 12 g/day IV in divided doses). Drug-related adverse reactions (possibly or probably drug-related) that occurred in < 1% of patients receiving CUBICIN in the cSSSI trials are as follows: Body as a Whole: fatigue, weakness, rigors, flushing, hypersensitivity Blood/Lymphatic System: leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis, eosinophilia, increased International Normalized Ratio (INR) Cardiovascular System: supraventricular arrhythmia Dermatologic System: eczema Digestive System: abdominal distension, stomatitis, jaundice, increased serum lactate dehydrogenase Metabolic/Nutritional System: hypomagnesemia, increased serum bicarbonate, electrolyte disturbance Musculoskeletal System: myalgia, muscle cramps, muscle weakness, arthralgia Nervous System: vertigo, mental status change, paresthesia Special Senses: taste disturbance, eye irritation S. aureus Bacteremia/Endocarditis Trial In the S. aureus bacteremia/endocarditis trial, CUBICIN was discontinued in 20/120 (16.7%) patients due to an adverse reaction, while comparator was discontinued in 21/116 (18.1%) patients. Serious Gram-negative infections (including bloodstream infections) were reported in 10/120 (8.3%) CUBICIN-treated patients and 0/115 comparator-treated patients. Comparator-treated patients received dual therapy that included initial gentamicin for 4 days. Infections were reported during treatment and during early and late follow-up. Gram-negative infections included cholangitis, alcoholic pancreatitis, sternal osteomyelitis/mediastinitis, bowel infarction, recurrent Crohn's disease, recurrent line sepsis, and recurrent urosepsis caused by a number of different Gram-negative bacteria. The rates of the most common adverse reactions, organized by System Organ Class (SOC), observed in S. aureus bacteremia/endocarditis (6 mg/kg CUBICIN) patients are displayed in Table 5. Table 5: Incidence of Adverse Reactions that Occurred in ≥ 5% of Patients in the CUBICIN Treatment Group and ≥ the Comparator Treatment Group in the S. aureus Bacteremia/Endocarditis Trial
Adverse Reaction* Patients n (%) CUBICIN 6 mg/kg
(N=116) Infections and infestations Sepsis NOS 6 (5%) 3 (3%) Bacteremia 6 (5%) 0 (0%) Gastrointestinal disorders Abdominal pain NOS 7 (6%) 4 (3%) General disorders and administration site conditions Chest pain 8 (7%) 7 (6%) Edema NOS 8 (7%) 5 (4%) Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Pharyngolaryngeal pain 10 (8%) 2 (2%) Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Pruritus 7 (6%) 6 (5%) Sweating increased 6 (5%) 0 (0%) Psychiatric disorders Insomnia 11 (9%) 8 (7%) Investigations Blood creatine phosphokinase increased 8 (7%) 1 (1%) Vascular disorders Hypertension NOS 7 (6%) 3 (3%) * NOS, not otherwise specified.
† Comparator: vancomycin (1 g IV q12h) or an anti-staphylococcal semi-synthetic penicillin (i.e., nafcillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin, or flucloxacillin; 2 g IV q4h), each with initial low-dose gentamicin. The following reactions, not included above, were reported as possibly or probably drug-related in the CUBICIN-treated group: Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: eosinophilia, lymphadenopathy, thrombocythemia, thrombocytopenia Cardiac Disorders: atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, cardiac arrest Ear and Labyrinth Disorders: tinnitus Eye Disorders: vision blurred Gastrointestinal Disorders: dry mouth, epigastric discomfort, gingival pain, hypoesthesia oral Infections and Infestations: candidal infection NOS, vaginal candidiasis, fungemia, oral candidiasis, urinary tract infection fungal Investigations: blood phosphorous increased, blood alkaline phosphatase increased, INR increased, liver function test abnormal, alanine aminotransferase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, prothrombin time prolonged Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: appetite decreased NOS Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: myalgia Nervous System Disorders: dyskinesia, paresthesia Psychiatric Disorders: hallucination NOS Renal and Urinary Disorders: proteinuria, renal impairment NOS Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: pruritus generalized, rash vesicular Other Trials In Phase 3 trials of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), the death rate and rates of serious cardiorespiratory adverse events were higher in CUBICIN-treated patients than in comparator-treated patients. These differences were due to lack of therapeutic effectiveness of CUBICIN in the treatment of CAP in patients experiencing these adverse events [see INDICATIONS AND USAGE]. Laboratory Changes Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infection Trials In Phase 3 cSSSI trials of CUBICIN at a dose of 4 mg/kg, elevations in CPK were reported as clinical adverse events in 15/534 (2.8%) CUBICIN-treated patients, compared with 10/558 (1.8%) comparator-treated patients. Of the 534 patients treated with CUBICIN, 1 (0.2%) had symptoms of muscle pain or weakness associated with CPK elevations to greater than 4 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). The symptoms resolved within 3 days and CPK returned to normal within 7 to 10 days after treatment was discontinued [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Table 6 summarizes the CPK shifts from Baseline through End of Therapy in the cSSSI trials. Table 6: Incidence of CPK Elevations from Baseline during Therapy in Either the CUBICIN Treatment Group or the Comparator Treatment Group in Phase 3 cSSSI Trials
Change in CPK All Patients Patients with Normal CPK at Baseline CUBICIN 4 mg/kg (N=430) Comparator* (N=459) CUBICIN 4 mg/kg (N=374) Comparator* (N=392) % n % n % n % n No Increase 90.7 390 91.1 418 91.2 341 91.1 357 Maximum Value > 1× ULN† 9.3 40 8.9 41 8.8 33 8.9 35 > 2× ULN 4.9 21 4.8 22 3.7 14 3.1 12 > 4× ULN 1.4 6 1.5 7 1.1 4 1.0 4 > 5× ULN 1.4 6 0.4 2 1.1 4 0.0 0 > 10× ULN 0.5 2 0.2 1 0.2 1 0.0 0 Note: Elevations in CPK observed in patients treated with CUBICIN or comparator were not clinically or statistically significantly different.
* Comparator: vancomycin (1 g IV q12h) or an anti-staphylococcal semi-synthetic penicillin (i.e., nafcillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin, or flucloxacillin; 4 to 12 g/day IV in divided doses).
† ULN (Upper Limit of Normal) is defined as 200 U/L. S. aureus Bacteremia/Endocarditis Trial In the S. aureus bacteremia/endocarditis trial, at a dose of 6 mg/kg, 11/120 (9.2%) CUBICIN-treated patients, including two patients with baseline CPK levels > 500 U/L, had CPK elevations to levels > 500 U/L, compared with 1/116 (0.9%) comparator-treated patients. Of the 11 CUBICIN-treated patients, 4 had prior or concomitant treatment with an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor. Three of these 11 CUBICIN-treated patients discontinued therapy due to CPK elevation, while the one comparator-treated patient did not discontinue therapy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Post-Marketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of CUBICIN. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate their frequency reliably or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Immune System Disorders: anaphylaxis; hypersensitivity reactions, including angioedema, drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), pruritus, hives, shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, truncal erythema, and pulmonary eosinophilia [see CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS] Infections and Infestations: Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS] Musculoskeletal Disorders: myoglobin increased; rhabdomyolysis (some reports involved patients treated concurrently with CUBICIN and HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY] Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal Disorders: cough, eosinophilic pneumonia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS] Nervous System Disorders: peripheral neuropathy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS] Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: serious skin reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and vesiculobullous rash (with or without mucous membrane involvement) Gastrointestinal Disorders: nausea, vomiting Read the Cubicin (daptomycin injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »